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Aim: To present a case with bilateral fibrous dysplasia of the upper and lower jaws.
Presentation of Case: A patient had mild pain in the lower jaw without any specific localization. From the patient’s diagnosis, it was revealed that he had a past medical history that included skin disorder rosacea and medium intellectual disability, imaging showed confirmed the presence of a lesion in the jaws bone. The lesion was found to have no soft-tissue a condition that differentiates fibrous dysplasia (FD) from a malignancy.
Discussion: FD of the cranium is idiopathic rare disorder in which normal bone is replaced by abnormal fibro-connective tissue proliferation. In 36, 3% of the cases of FD the clinical beginning is hidden, there is no clear symptoms and obtaining the diagnosis is complicated. The rest of the patients (63, 6%) are with diverse symptoms depending on location, swelling, deformation and presence of pain.
Conclusion: It can be difficult to differentiate between FD from other benign and malignant bone disorders because of the isolated cases of FD in the maxillo-mandibular region.