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Double-lumen catheters are commonly utilized to acquire temporary access for hemodialysis in patients suffering from acute renal failure. There are many complications related to catheter puncture. An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is rare but occasionally fatal. This case report presents a female patient, 49 years old with a post-catheterization AVF between the femoral common artery and femoral vein, which was successfully treated with a peripheral cover stent placement. A four-week clinical follow-up showed the patient’s condition had significantly improved.