Open Access Case Report

Rabies in 5 Months Old German Shepherd

C. S. Ukwueze, C. F. Orajaka, C. O. Okorie-Kanu, P. P. Mshelbwala, N. Kalu

International Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Case Reports, Page 21-24
DOI: 10.9734/IJMPCR/2015/17020

Aim: The study was carried out to confirm a suspected case of rabies in Ubakala area of Abia State and to highlight the public health consequences.
Place and Duration of Study: Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike and National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI) Vom.
Methodology: A 5-month-old-German shepherd drooling saliva was presented in a state of shock, lateral recumbency, with no vaccination history, severe dehydration and anorexia. The history also revealed that the dog was bitten by a stray dog two weeks ago and had been unable to chew or masticate few days before presentation. On the process of clinical examination, the dog died on the examination table. At necropsy the brain was extracted, stored in 50% glycerol and sent to National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), Vom for confirmatory diagnosis.
Results: Rabies was confirmed using direct rapid Immunohistochemical (IHC) test by detecting rabies antigen on the brain sample.
Conclusion: A confirmed case of canine rabies in Ubakala area of Abia State.

Open Access Case Study

An Erupted Compound Composite Odontoma Associated with Supernumerary Tooth

Chandrabhatla Srinivas Kumar, Nalam Sai Gautam, Vabbalareddy Rajasekhar

International Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Case Reports, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/IJMPCR/2015/17556

Though odontomas are one of the common odontogenic tumors, erupted odontomas are rare. Erupted odontomas may cause disturbance to the developing occlusion like impaction of the underlying teeth, ectopic eruption or displacement of the erupted teeth. This paper presents a case of 12 year old child who had reported with an erupted compound odontoma along with mesiodens not associated with any diseases or syndromes that led to the displacement of the adjacent teeth. The possible etiology, investigations required, clinical features and treatment done have been discussed.

Open Access Case Study

Enucleation with Immediate Tooth Replantation of a Dentigerous Cyst. A Case Report

Seidu A. Bello, Benjamin Fomete, Nosa Ighile, Emanso Umobong

International Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Case Reports, Page 6-10
DOI: 10.9734/IJMPCR/2015/16905

Dentigerous cysts are the most common type of developmental odontogenic cysts arising from the crowns of impacted, embedded, or unerupted teeth. Surgery is commonly recommended for its elimination in view of the damaging effects. Several treatment modalities are available based on some defined guidelines.
A 9 year old boy with a diagnosis of dentigerous cyst involving left mandibular canine is presented. Cyst enucleation was carried out, involved tooth extracted, replanted and loosely splinted. One year follow up shows fully erupted, firm, non-discoloured and vital lower left canine and surrounding teeth, with radiographic evidence of significant resolution of radiolucency.
Cyst enucleation, extraction of involved tooth and immediate replantation should be considered a treatment modality in children. It has the advantage of single surgical approach intervention, reduced hospital appointment, early tooth eruption and physiological restoration of bone.

Open Access Case Study

How the Spread of Ebola Virus was Curtailed in Nigeria

Elijah I. Ohimain

International Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Case Reports, Page 11-20
DOI: 10.9734/IJMPCR/2015/16632

Ebola virus, the causative agent of Ebola virus disease (EVD) formerly called Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is one of the most dangerous microorganisms in the world. The virus ravaged West Africa countries particularly, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia infecting over 22,000 people, of which nearly 50% resulted in fatalities. When the disease finally reached Lagos on 20 July 2014, it brought fear and panic because of the large population of Lagos and the chaotic socio-economic situation coupled with dysfunctional health that was even on strike at the time of the outbreak. Also, there was no approved therapeutics and preventive vaccine. It was therefore feared that the disease has finally got out of control owing to the large population of Nigeria and the high frequency of international travel. Against all expectations, Nigeria reacted swiftly by tracing all contacts of the index case, isolated and quarantined infected patients, practiced barrier nursing and supportive care for infected persons. Nigeria was declared Ebola virus free on 20 October 2014, but not before the virus had infected 20 persons, of which 8 succumbed, giving a case fatality rate of 40%, which is a significant improvement over the 90% fatality rate of Zaire Ebola virus, the causative agent of the 2014 EVD outbreak. In all, there was only 1 index case, 13 persons were primary contacts, 3 secondary and 3 tertiary contacts of the index case.

Open Access Case Study

Botryoid Odontogenic Cyst: Case Report

Darin Johnston, Pallavi Parashar, James Closmann

International Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Case Reports, Page 25-29
DOI: 10.9734/IJMPCR/2015/16925

Aim: Present case of Botryoid Odontogenic Cyst.
Presentation of Case: A 51 year old African-American female was referred for an anterior mandibular radiolucency.
Discussion and Conclusion: The examination findings and differential diagnosis are discussed along with treatment and follow up recommendations. A review of the histopathology for this interesting lesion is presented with histomicrographs.